Umar Abdulhamid (PhD), Bashir Umar Saulawa (PhD), Garba Altine (PhD), Ilugbo Taiwo Hassan, Garba Musa, Usman Idris, Maimuna Ali, Chape Danjuma Fwakwo


A survey was conducted to estimate the resource-use efficiency using stochastic frontier model for rice farmers in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The population for the study consisted of all category of rice farmers in the area. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 400 farmers for the study. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. Descriptive statistics and Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) method were used to analyzed the data. The average rice output for all categories was 1094.04kg per hectare. The result of the study further revealed that farm size, agrochemicals and quantity of rice seed planted all had significant influence on the output of rice at (P<0.001), whereas, quantity of fertilizer applied had significant influence on output at (P<0.01). Fertilizer and quantity of seed planted affected the rice output negatively. The study concluded that, farmers have not reached the maximum technical efficiency level.


Technical efficiency; stochastic frontier; resource use efficiency; rain-fed rice.

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