Alex Igho Ovie-D'Leone (PhD), Julius Olaniyi Adeoye (PhD)


The modern state has exhibited a general tendentious slide towards fragility and imminent decline in the recent times. State fragilities, state failures and state collapse have consequently become recurring issues in global discourse. This paper posits that how states form, why they fail and how they can re-build impactslargely on their potentialities to slide into fragilities, failures or eventual collapse. Spike in numbers of fragile and failing states undoubtedly presents us with perhaps one of the most fundamental of all the sundry challenges posed to global peace, security and order in the 21st Century. The paper highlights the strategic imports of these ominous trends on the African continent and how they adversely impact the evolving global village order. It also attempts to evaluate possible pragmatic responses needed to reposition the Africa state on a solid stead.


State Formation, Fragile state, States Failure, State Collapse, State Building

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