Ifenyinwa F Manafa (PhD), John Ezechukwu Manafa


The study investigated development of human resources in Anambra state secondary schools for sustainable development in teaching and learning through continuous teachers training and development. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Three research questions guided the study. The population of the study was 261 principals and 5,827 teachers in Anambra state public secondary schools.  A sample of 20 principals and 260 teachers was used in analysis drawn from using simple random sampling technique to choose 20 principals while balloting procedure was used to choose 260 teachers from the two education zones randomly chosen.  Questionnaire constructed by the researcher, titled “Human Resource Development For Sustainable Development In Teaching And Learning Questionnaire”(HRDSDTLQ) was used as an instrument for data collection. Three experts validated the instrument, two experts from education  management and one expert from  measurement and evaluation, all in the faculty of education, ChukwuemekaOdumegwuOjukwu University, Igbariam. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach alpha and was found to be 0.89. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The findings of the study showed that teachers were not often involved in training and professional development in their schools. Principals encounter some hindrances in carrying out training and professional development for teachers in their schools. Based on the findings, the researcher recommends as follows:  provision of adequate fund for the periodic training and professional development of teachers by government, involving teachers in training and professional development for improved performance and achievement of set goals, among others. Involvement of principals in these recommendations is imperative.


Human Resources, Sustainable Development, Teaching and Learning, Training and Development.

Full Text:



Achieng E. A (2012).Percetions. And reflections of music teacher education in Kaya: international journal of music education.

Ajah S. N, Onoh O. N and Igwe S. N (2018). Evaluating the Entrepreneurship Education Programme in Nigeria Universities for sustainable development. Journal Of Entrepreneurship education. Research Article vol. 21 issue1.

Bain, A and Zundans-fraser L. (2016).Rising to the challenges of transforming Higher Education.Designing Universities For learning and teaching. New York: springer.

Cotton K (2003) Principals and Students Achievement: what the research says.

Gove A (2012). Think Global, act local. How early ready assessment can improve learning for all. Journal of Comparative and International Education. 42 (3). 279-741

Gitonga D. W. (2012).Influence of teachers motivation on students performance in Kaya certificate of secondary education in public secondary school in Imenti South District. Master of Education, thesis.University of Nairobi.

Heathfield S. (2019), What is human resources?

Hoque K. (2014). Human resources managers in education.Their roles in schools.>document.

Kedibone G. B (2019). Challenges faced by educators in the implementation of ContinuingProfessional Teacher Development (CPTD) : Ganteng Province. https//

Okandeji C. O (2007). Quality assurance in higher education

Okebukola P.A .O (2010). Education- The heart of the matter in human security in Africa. In Obasanjo, A. Mabogunjie, A. & P. A. O Okebukola(Eds.),Human Security in African; perspective on Education, health and Agriculture. Abeokuta, OOPL Press.

Omebe C. A. (2014). Human resources management in education :issues and challenges. British journal of Education Vol2 No.17 PP26-31

Oyitso M. &Olomekoro C. O (2012).Training and retraining Nigeria workers to enhance table performance.InternationalJournal Of Contemporary research Business. 4 (1) 35-42.

Pitsoe V.&Mails W. (2012). Towards constructivist teacher professional development. Journal of Social Sciences. Vol 8. No. 3.

Rebore R. W. (2010).Human resources administration in education: A management Approach (9thed.).Upper Saddle River.Nj: Pcentice Hall

Sothy C. (2019). The effectiveness of principal in managing human resources in private secondary schools in phnompenh, Cambodia.International Journal of Scientific and research publication.Vol9 Issue 6. PP 422-425


  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN PRINT: 2705-2494

ISSN ONLINE: 2705-2486



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.