Anthonia N. Umezulike (PhD), Patience Ukamaka Anozie


The need to improve the quality of business education programme necessitated this work.  The study examined the readiness of business educators in discharging their legitimate duties in the effective implementation of business education programme in chosen tertiary institutions in Anambra State.  Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.  The study adopted survey research design.  The population of the study consisted of 91 business education lecturers from four public tertiary institutions in Anambra State offering business education.  A-20 items structured questionnaire were used for data collection.  Data collected were analysed using mean and standard deviation for research questions and t-test for hypotheses.  Some of the findings of the study showed that respondents disagree that there are adequate qualified lecturers in the business education department and few qualified business educators do not always show readiness in discharging their legitimate duties.  The test of hypotheses revealed that types of institution, years of teaching experience and educational qualification did not significantly influence their mean rating on the variables covered.  Based on the findings, it was recommended that federal and state governments should give business education department permission to recruit more qualified business educators for effective implementation of learners programme. 


Business educators, Business education programme

Full Text:



Aliyu, M.M. (2016). Business education in Nigeria (trends and issues). Ilorin: Goshan Print Media Ltd.

Amadi, E. N. & Amakodi, B.S. (2019). The teacher and skills acquisition at business education: From the perspective of accounting skills. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 2(4), 1-5.

Amaewhule, W. A. (2014). Improving business education and challenges of standardization. Business Education Journal, 4(2), 1-7.

Bel-Molokwu, J. B. (2015). Human resource information system. National Open University of Nigeria.

Chukwurah, C. C. (2013). Strategies for global reforms in business teacher education towards self-reliance in Nigeria. International Journal of Vocational and Technical Education 3(4), 45-48.

Davis.U. C.(2011).5-step experiential learning cycle definitions. University of California. Retrieved from: definitions.pdf

Dessler, G.C. (2014). Human resource management: A contemporary issue. New Jersey, Pearson Educational Incorporation.

Dhaka, A.U. (2013). Skills in business education as a pointer to industrialization (7 point agenda). Business Search 4(2).

Ekwueme, L., Ofoha, D., Uchegbu, C., Anyikule, B. & Nkemdilim, M. (2009): A critical appraisal of the mode of implementation of Nigerian school curriculum: Toward socio-economic empowerment of youth. Retrieved from:

Esene, R.A. (2009). Research Education. Agbor: Royal Pace Publishers.

Etonyeaku, E.A.C. (2012). Vocational business education and counselling: Panacea for achieving sustainable poverty reduction and wealth creation. Nigerian Journal of Voc. Association (NJVA) 17(1), 134-140.

Ezeani, N.S. (2018). Fundamentals of accounting. Oba: Ifevic Publishers Ltd.

Faraday, S., Overton, C. & Cooper, S. (2011). Effective teaching and learning in Vocational Education. London: LSN.

Federal Ministry of Education, FME (2014). National policy on education. Lagos: NERDC.

Ikpesu, O. C. (2016). Globalizing business education curriculum experiences in Nigerian higher education for enhanced students employability. European Journal of Business and Innovation Research, 5(5), 47-57. Retrieved from

Ndinechi, G. I. (2011). Purpose and functions of business education curriculum. Business Education Journal, 3(4), 1-9.

Ntukidem, H. (2012). Principles of business education. Applied to office information system skills used by secretaries in the electronic office. Abakaliki: Book of Reading, Journal of Business Education.

Nwachukwu, E. A. & Okpo, C. U. (2018). Availability and adequacy of resources for entrepreneurship education in universities in South-East, Nigeria. 127-138.

Nwajinka, J. & Odogo, R. (2014). Promoting youth employment through entrepreneurship education. http// religion/asro/beling/download/speech/as/18 May 14 pdg. Retrieved on 03 October, 2013.

Nwanchokor, J. O. (2012). Inhibiting factors to poverty reduction through sustainable business education. Business Education Journal, 8(2), 113-120.

Nwazor, J. C. & Nwaukwa, F. C. (2015). towards more effective vocationalisation of business education in universities in South East of Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(25), 41-48.

Nwazor, J. C. & Udegbunam, E.O. (2016). Utilization of e-learning tools as teaching strategies by business educators in tertiary institutions in South-East Nigeria, NAU Journal of Technology and Vocational Education, 1(1), 74-85.

Obijole, E.F. (2015). Entrepreneurship education: a necessary component of business education curriculum for youths in the 21st century. The VAS journal, 7(2), 181-196.

Odoemenam, E. S. (2012). Fundamentals of educational planning. Ibadan: Adejaro and Sons Press.

Ojechi, H.O. (2015). Professionalism in business education: Challenges and prospects. Journal of Vocational and Technical Education, 9(1) 98-99.

Ojo-Ajibare, J.O. (2013). Self-employment and job creations, skill development programmes in Oyo state. Journal of Vocational Education 4(1) 31-41. Ibadan: Smah Calvary Printers.

Okwuanaso, S. I. & Nwazor, C.J. (2012). Business education curriculum and new technologies: Guidance for review. Nigerian Journal of Business Education, 6(1-2) 163-169.

Olaitan, S. O.; Osinem, P.C.; Hontayan, B. & Akeju, I.J. (2013). Funding standard in business education in Nigerian colleges of education. Business Education Journal 5(1) 84-91.

Onwuachi, R. N. (2013). Achieving quality assurance in teaching and learning business education in colleges of education through the use of ICT skills. ABEN Books of Readings 3(1), 170-172.

Onyesom, M. & Okolocha, C. C. (2013). Assessment of the adequacy of instructional resources in business education programmes relative to NCCE standards for Colleges of Education in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Learning 2(2) 165-178.

Onyesom, M. (2014). Pedagogical elements of the new technologies for teaching and learning business education. Nigeria Journal of Business Education, 2(91) 125-131.

Onyia, T.U. (2012). Business education in a developing economy, the Nigeria case. Business Education Journal, Ilorin: Oyinola Press, 2(3) 20-29.

Osarenren-Osaghae, B. & Irabor, T. B. (2012). Theoretical perspectives for strategic human resource management. Journal of Management, 1(8), 295-320.

Osuala, E. C. (2009). Business and computer education. Enugu: Chestan Agency Limited.

Osuala, E.C. (2013). Principles and methods of business and computer education. Nsukka: Godjiksons Publishers.

Rotua, A. O. (2017). Strategies for Improving Teachers Quality in Business Education Programme in Nigerian Colleges of Education. International Journal of Innovative Education Research 5(2) 16-22.

Smith, C. (2012). Competencies at work. Mene Hary Acquisition Company Incorporated.

Sweeney, F.; Jameson, A.; and Carthy, A. (2016). Emotional intelligence and graduates employees’ perspectives. Procedia Social and Behaviour Sciences, 228, 515-522 Available online at

Udeme, D. (2012). Cause for increase rate of poor quality graduates in Nigeria: Akwa Ibom News online commentary. Retrieved 30th September, 2015.

Ugwoke, E. O. (2012). Effective utilization of ICT for repositioning business education programme in tertiary institutions in Nigeria for national development. International Journal of Educational Research 11(1) 202-214.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Anthonia N. Umezulike (PhD), Patience Ukamaka Anozie




ISSN PRINT: 2630 - 7081







Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.