Barr. Emmanuel Imuetinyan Obarisiagbon (PhD), Linda Osunde Isoken


The media is replete and awash with reports of unlawful killings and torture of suspects/accused persons in police custody across the country and it would appear that the end is not in sight. This study therefore sought to investigate the dilemma of systemic police brutality and what it portends for human security. The study anchored its theoretical basis on Tyler’s (2003) procedural justice theory. A cross sessional research design which employed both quantitative and qualitative techniques was used to gather data from850 respondents from the 12 wards that make up metropolitan Benin. Findings from the study reveal that police brutality exists and that the educational level of the policemen, the need to extract information by all means and greed were some factors that accounted for police brutality and torture of civilians in their custody. Based on the findings of the study, it is suggested that the police should be retrained to appreciate and apply the rule of law in their treatment of those in their custody while senior police officers should be alive to their responsibilities vis – a- vis checking and curbing the excesses of its overzealous men.


Brutality, human security, Nigerian police, rule of law, torture.

Full Text:



Aborisade, R. and Obileye, A. A. (2018). Systemic brutality, torture and Abuse of human rights by the Nigerian Police: Account of Inmates of Ogun State Prisons. The Nigerian Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 15(1)

Ake, C. (1996). Democracy and development in Africa. Brookings Institution, Washington DC.

Alang, S., McAlphine, D., McCreedy, E, Handeman, R. (2017). Police brutality and black Health: Setting the genda for Public health shools. American Journal of Public Health. 107(5);662-665

Alemika. E.E.O. (1993). Criminology, criminal justice and the philosophy of policing: In: Policing Nigeria: Past present and future, Tamuno, T. N. (Ed). Mailthouse Press Limited.

Alemika. E.E.O. and Chukwuma, I. C. (2001). Analyses of policing and policing in Nigeria. Center for law enforcement education for department for international development, Lagos.

Amnesty International (2009).Killing at will: Extra-judicial executions and other unlawful killings by the police in Nigeria. Amnesty International Publication.

Amnesty International (2020). Available from Accessed on: 28th March, 2022.

Arisukwu, O. C. (2012). Policing trends in Nigeria since independence (1960 – 20120: The Police Journal. 82(2); 151-159

Constazo, M. and Gerrity, E. (2009). The effects and effectiveness of using torture as an interrogation device: Using research to inform the policy debate. Social Issues and Policy Review. 3(1); 179-210

Edo, Z. O. and Sagay, J. O. (2012). The Nigerian police, extra-judicial killings and the dilemma of human security: A theoretical reflection. International journal of social science tomorrow. 9(3); 2-7

Egede, E. (2007). Bringing human rights home: An examination of the domestication of human rights treaties in Nigeria. Journal of African Law. 1(4); 249-284

Igbinovia, P. O. (1980). Police administration in modern. Police studies. 3

Igbinovia, P. O. (1982). Recruitment problems of the Nigerian police. Indian police journal. 27(4).

Igbinovia, P. O. (1988).Homicides by police officers: police use of deadly force in Nigeria. Victimology:An international journal.

Igbinovia, P. O. (2000). The future of the Nigerian police. Policing: An international journal of police strategies and management.MCB University press.23(4). 538-554.

Lundman, R. J. (1980). Police and policing – An introduction. 161-164.

Manning, P. K. (1978). Policing a view from street. Good Year Publishing Co.

Marenin, O. Reisig, M. D. (1995). A general theory of crime and patterns of crime in Nigeria: An exploration of methodological assumptions. Journal of Criminal Justice. 23(6); 501- 518

Nigeria: (2021). The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999. Government Press.

Obarisiagbon, E. I. and Omage, M. (2018). Public perception of the role of Nigeria police force in curbing the menace of kidnapping in Benin metropolis, Southern Nigeria: A criminological study. Academic journal of interdisciplinary studies. 7(1); 65-72

Obarisiagbon, E. I. and Aderito, A. A. 0(2019). Kidnapping and the challenges confronting the administration of criminal justice in selected states of Nigeria. African journal of criminology and justice studies. 11(1); 41-54

Osariemen, A. O. (2019). The police, a friend or an enemy. International journal of social sciences 2(1); 46-68

Ogunode, S. (2015). Criminal justice system in Nigeria: For the rich or the poor? Humanities and Social Sciences Review. 4(1), 27-39

Rotimi, K. (1993). Local police in Western Nigeria: End of an era. In: Policing Nigeria: Past present and future, Tamuno, T. N. (Ed). Malthouse Press.

Segun, A. (2016). On hash tag #EndSARS; created in 2016 by a group of human right defenders.

Tamuno, T. N. (1970). The police in modern Nigeria. University of Ibadan Press.

Tyler, T. (2003). Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and the effective rule of law. Criminal Justice 30: 283-357.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN PRINT: 2705-2494

ISSN ONLINE: 2705-2486





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.