Edet Eyo, Adamu Ibrahim, Babawuro Shuaibu


The study investigated the training needs of out-of-schools internally displaced youths for self-reliance in Yobe State, Nigeria. The study was guided by four objectives, four research questions and four null hypotheses. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 1,741 school out of school youths Internally Displaced Persons hosted by ten communities in Yobe State. The sample for the study was randomly chosen 600 out-of-schools Internal Displaced Youths (IDPYs) in the study area. The instrument for the data collection was adapted questionnaire validated by four experts. The validated instrument was pilot tested using 60 out-of-schools IDPYs in Borno state. A reliability coefficient of 0.79 was obtained. The data were collected by the researchers assisted by three research assistants. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, 25) was used to run the data collected. Mean scores and standard deviations to answer the research questions and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed in the test of hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study indicated that out-of-schools IDPYs in Yobe state highly need entrepreneurship, vocational, technical and managerial training for their self-reliance in Nigeria. It was concluded that providing the out of school displaced youths with these skills will enable them to equal right, employment opportunity and any privileges just like any other Nigerian citizen and contribute their quota to the economic development of the country.  The study recommended among others that, the Federal and state government should initiate training programme that will provide out of schools IDPs with entrepreneurship training for self-reliance in Yobe state. In addition, the Technical and Vocational Training Centers (TVETC) should organize training programme that will help to provide out of schools IDPYs with needed vocational training for self-reliance in Yobe state.


Training, Out-of-Schools, Youths, Self-Reliance

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