Prof. Joy A. Okeke-Ezenyanwu, Joy Ngozika Onwuagboke


The paper examined business educators’ attitude towards the use of Blackboard and Moodle Learning Management Systems (LMS) in teaching business education during Covid-19 Pandemic. Two research questions guided the study and two research hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. A descriptive survey design was employed in the study. The population comprised all 159 business educators in the seven public colleges of education in the zone. A 23item-statements questionnaire titled Business Educators’ Attitude Towards the Use of Blackboard and Moodle in Teaching Business Education Questionnaire (BEATUBMTBEQ) was used to collect data for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts in business education. Pilot testing of the instrument yielded a reliability coefficient of .80 and .89 Cronbach’s alpha for Blackboard and Moodle components respectively. Data collected for the study wereanalysed using IBM statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23. In all, 148 questionnaires were duly completed and returned and was thus used for data analysis. Mean and Standard Deviations were used to answer the research questions while independent samples t-test was used to test the research hypotheses. Results showed that business educators have negative attitude towards the use of Blackboard and Moodle LMS in teaching. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in attitude towards use of Blackboard in teaching based on ownership of institution. Similarly,there was no significant difference in attitude towards use of Moodle according to gender. Based on the findings, conclusion was drawn and it was recommended among others that regular workshops and seminars be organized periodically to acquaint the business educators with development and emergence of new e-learning technologies.


Business Educator; Attitude; Blackboard; Moodle; Learning Management System; Pandemic

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