COUNSELLING STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY COUNSELLORS IN HANDLING STUDENTS’ UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOURS IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ANAMBRA STATE

Uju P. Egenti (PhD)

Abstract


The main purpose of this study was to determine counselling strategies adopted by counsellors in handling undesirable behaviours among students in secondary schools in Anambra State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted in Anambra State of Nigeria. The population of the study comprised 251 counsellors in the public secondary schools in the State. The whole population was studied. A 24- item self-structured questionnaire titled “Counselling Strategies for Handling Undesirable Behaviours Questionnaire (CSHUBQ) was used to collect data. The instrument was validated by two experts in Guidance and Counselling, Department from Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Cronbach Alpha statistic was used to determine the reliability of the instrument by administering copies to 30 counsellors from Delta State of Nigeria. After analyzing the responses, a co-efficient of ‘r’-0.78 was obtained and considered adequate for the study. Instrument was administered to the respondents through the help of research assistants, out of the 251 copies distributed, 250 were retrieved and used for the study. Simple descriptive statistics that involved mean scores and standard deviations were used in analyzing the data for the research question. In answering the research question, 2.50 and above were regarded as agree while mean scores less than 2.50 were regarded as disagree. The major findings of the study indicated that the strategies adopted by guidance counsellors in handling undesirable behaviours in secondary schools include reinforcement, modelling, shaping, punishment, time-out, proximity control, hiding, ear-shooting, extinction among others. It was among others recommended that teachers should be role models in other to be able to handle students’ undesirable behaviours.


Keywords


counseling strategies, Counselors, Undesirable behaviours and Secondary schools.

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